Protection of cultural heritage sites and monuments, especially the protection from extinction, damage, loss of value, as well as care and renewal can not be done in terms of legislation, but by the owners themselves. The main regulation is the owner takes responsibility for the safety of his/her property and the associated limitations in handling it.
However, these restrictions can not be set freely, they are regulated by the basic principles of the Declaration of Fundamental Rights and Freedoms, specifically in Article 11, which defines the principle that ownership brings responsibilities and can not be used to infringe upon the rights of other people, or be in conflict with the law protecting the interests of society; as well as in Article 35 under which no one has the right to exercise their rights under threatening or harming the cultural heritage sites and monuments beyond the limit established by law.
Certainly, the owner of the cultural monument, as well as the owner of any other thing, that is not protected by the state, may transfer for temporary use, transmit cultural monument for its restoration or for any other purposes to third parties. However, he must notify the future owner that it is a subject to sites and/or monuments of cultural and historical heritage.
In addition, before selling a status monument, it is obligatory to offer it to the state through the Ministry of Culture of Czech republic. When transporting a movable cultural heritage, you must first obtain permission of the Ministry of Culture. The point is that the items of historical value can not be taken beyond the territory of Czech republic for a longer period of time or the eternity. Once a subject of the cultural heritage site is to be identified by the Ministry of Culture of Czech republic, there is an acting principle of Czech republic stating that only valuable items, preservation of which is of a public interest, can receive this status.
Currently, in Czech republic 42,000 sites and monuments of historic estate and 850 000 items of movable property are protected by state as a Cultural Heritage and rated as the most important part of the national cultural wealth (national cultural treasure), for example, Prague Castle, Czech crown jewels, Karlštejn, monastery in Kladruby, ČeskýKrumlov Castle, the St. George rotunda, the Litomyšlcastle, the Pilgrimage Church of St. IoannNepomuk on Green Mountain (by ŽďárnadSázavou), Slavic Fortified Settlement in Mikulčice, castle in Kroměříž in Podzamkovy and Cvetnojgarden, Wallachian Open Air Museum in Rožnov pod Radhoštěmor coal mine Michal in Ostrava-Michálkovice are all declared by the state as national cultural heritage sites and treasure.
Cultural heritage sites and national cultural heritage sites are registered in the Central list of cultural heritage sites, which is subordinated to the professional organization of state care of monuments (with headquarters in Prague).